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教育部有关负责人就《关于加快和扩大新时代教育对外开放的意见》答记者问

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加快和扩大教育对外开放 大力提升彩票app 国教育的国际影响力
——教育部国际司(港澳台办)负责人就《关于加快和扩大新时代教育对外开放的意见》答记者问

jinri,《jiaoyubudengbabumenguanyujiakuaihekuodaxinshidaijiaoyuduiwaikaifangdeyijian》(yixiajiancheng《yijian》)zhengshiyinfa。jiaoyubuguojisi(gangaotaiban)fuzerenjiuxiangguanwentihuidalejizhetiwen。

1.请介绍一下《教育部等八部门关于加快和扩大新时代教育对外开放的意见》出台的背景?

da: dangzhongyang、guowuyuangaoduzhongshijiaoyuduiwaikaifang。dangdeshibadayilai,xijinpingzongshujizuochuyixiliezhongyaozhishipishi。jinnianlai,xijinpingzongshujizai“yidaiyilu”guojihezuogaofengluntan、zhongguoguojijinkoubolanhui、boaoyazhouluntandengzhongdachanghe,duocixiangshijiexuanshizhongguojiangkuodajiaoyukaifang。quanguojiaoyudahuiweixinshidaijiaoyuduiwaikaifangbohualehongweilantu,zuochuledingcengsheji。jiaoyubudengxiangguanbumenshenruxuexiguanchexijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixianghequanguojiaoyudahuijingshen,zaizongjiejinnianlaijiaoyuduiwaikaifangzhiduchuangxinheshijianjingyandejichushang,lizuxinshidai、yinyingxinxingshi、luoshixinyaoqiu,yanjiuzhidingle《yijian》。

diyi,《yijian》shizaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyijinruxinshidai,quanguojiaoyudahuiquelilejiakuaituijinjiaoyuxiandaihua、彩票app jiaoyuqiangguo、banhaorenminmanyijiaoyumubiaorenwudezongtibeijingxiachutaide,tuxianlejiaoyuduiwaikaifangzai彩票app guojiaoyushiyehequanmiankaifangxingejuzhongdediweihezuoyong。

dier,《yijian》shizai彩票app guojueshengquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehui、juezhanjueshengtuopingongjiandeshidaibeijingxiachutaide,jiaoyuduiwaikaifangjiangtongguoyouhuazhengtibuju、dalipeiyangrencai、pochutizhijizhizhangai、shenrucanyuquanqiujiaoyuzhili、youxiaofangfanhuajiefengxian,tishengjiaoyuduiwaikaifanggongxianduheyingxiangli,weiruqishixiandangzhongyangquedingdemubiaorenwutianzhuanjiawa。

disan,《yijian》shizaixinguanfeiyanyiqingzhongsuquanqiuzhengzhijingjigeju、彩票app guowaibufazhanhuanjinggengjiacuozongfuzadeteshubeijingxiachutaide,xuanshile彩票app guojianchijiaoyuduiwaikaifangbudongyaodejiandingjuexin,yijizaiweijizhongyuxinji、yubianjuzhongkaixinjudejianqiangxinxin。zhongguoshizhonggaojuhezuogongyingqizhi,zhiliyushenhuatuozhanyushijiegeguozaijiaoyulingyudehulihezuohe彩票app hujian,weituidonggoujianrenleimingyungongtongtigongxianliliang。

zongzhi,jiakuaihekuodaxinshidaijiaoyuduiwaikaifang,shijiaoyufazhandexuyao,shiguojia彩票app dexuyao,shixinshidaifazhandexuyao,jipozaimeijie,youqiafengqishi。

2.请介绍一下《意见》研制的总体考虑?

da: dangdeshibadayilai,jiaoyuduiwaikaifangdelantugengqingxi,bujugengkuanguang,zhuligengxianzhu,pinpaigengxianming,yingxianggengshenyuan。suizhe彩票app guojiaoyuzhengtishuipingyuejushijiezhongshangxinglie,zhongguodejiaoyuhezuohuobanyibianbuquanqiu,tongyujiaoyuxiangguandezhongyaoguojizuzhikaizhanlemiqiehezuo。zhongguozaiquanqiufanweideguojixueshengliudongzhongzhanjulejuzuqingzhongdediwei,shishijiezuidadeguojixueshengshengyuanguoheyazhouzuidadeliuxuemudediguo。zhongwaihezuobanxuezuoweijiaoyuduiwaikaifangdezhongyaozaitishixianlepengbofazhan。ciwai,guojizhongwenjiaoyufangxingweiai,kongzixueyuan(kongziketang)jiqizaixianpingtaiweigeguogejierenshixuexihanyu、lejiezhongguowenhuachuangzaoleyoulitiaojian。

yucitongshi,duizhaoxinshidaixinxingshixinyaoqiu,彩票app gandao,jiaoyuduiwaikaifangdezuoyongyoudaijinyibufahui,zhiliangxiaoyiyoudaijinyibugaijin,zhilinengliheshuipingyoudaijinyibutisheng。xinguanfeiyanyiqingyebaoluchugongzuozhongdeyixieduanbanheruoxiang。彩票app zaiyanzhi《yijian》deguochengzhong,jibaochizixinhedingli,youzhimianwentihetiaozhan,bawolesangeyuanze。yishibawo“jiakuai”he“kuoda”deyuanze,yiqishixiangengquanfangwei、gengkuanlingyu、gengduocengci、gengjiazhudongdejiaoyuduiwaikaifang。ershibawo“tizhi”he“zengxiao”deyuanze,yiqituidongjiaoyuduiwaikaifangshixiangaozhiliangneihanshifazhan。《yijian》jianchiyonggaigedebanfajiejuejiaoyuduiwaikaifangmianlindetizhijizhizhangai,zhelituijinxiangguanlingyufalvzhidugengjiachengshudingxing。sanshibawo“wenbu”he“youxu”deyuanze,quebaojiaoyuduiwaikaifangxingwenzhiyuan。《yijian》jianchiwenzhongqiujingongzuozongjidiao,qieshiweihuguojiaanquanhejiaoyuzhuquan,yifayiguizuohaojiaoyushewaihuodongjianguan,youxiaofangfanhuajiefengxian。

3.教育对外开放在助推彩票app 国形成全面开放新格局中将发挥哪些作用?

da: jinnianlai,dangzhongyang、guowuyuanchutaileguanyuzhichihainan、hebeixionganxinququanmianshenhuagaigekaifangdezhidaoyijian,yinfaleguanyuyuegangaodawanqu、zhangsanjiaoquyuyitihuadefazhanguihuagangyao。jiaoyubujiangjiehe《yijian》deguancheluoshi,jujiao彩票app guojiazhongdafazhanzhanlve,quanlizhichixiangguandifanghequyujiaoyugaozhiliangchuangxinfazhan,dazaojiaoyuduiwaikaifangxingaodi。jiaoyubujiangshenruxuexiguancheriqianxijinpingzongshujiguanyuhainanziyoumaoyigang彩票app dezhongyaozhishijingshen,anzhao《hainanziyoumaoyigang彩票app zongtifangan》,zhashituijin《guanyuzhichihainanshenhuajiaoyugaigekaifangshishifangan》,zhichihainan彩票app guojijiaoyuchuangxindao。yucitongshi,彩票app jiangzhichiyuegangaodawanqu彩票app guojijiaoyushifanqu,zhichizhangsanjiaodiqulvxiankaifang、xianxingxianshi,zhichixionganxinqudazaojiaoyukaifangxinbiaogan。

彩票appgongjian“yidaiyilu”weizhongguokaifangfazhankaipilexintiandi。jinnianlai,“yidaiyilu”jiaoyuxingdongbuduanzoushenzoushi。zaidierjie“yidaiyilu”guojihezuogaofengluntanshang,“sichouzhilu”zhongguozhengfujiangxuejinxiangmu、juban“yidaiyilu”qingnianchuangyiheyichanluntanjiqingnianxuesheng“hanyuqiao”xialingyingdengsanxiangchengguobeinarugaofengluntanchengguoqingdan。jiaoyubujiangjiehe《yijian》deguancheluoshi,zhudongzuowei、chuangxinzuowei,dazao“yidaiyilu”jiaoyuxingdongshengjiban,tigongzhili、renli、jishu、wenhua、qinggandengduofangmiandezhichi,weigongjian“yidaiyilu”tigongyouxiaodejiaoyuzhuli。

4.彩票app 国教育对外开放是全方位、宽领域、多层次的开放,《意见》对推进各级各类教育的对外开放作出了哪些安排?

da: 《yijian》zheyanjiakuaituijin彩票app guojiaoyuxiandaihuahepeiyanggengjuquanqiujingzhengliderencai,duigejigeleijiaoyudeduiwaikaifangzuochulexiangyinganpai。

gaodengjiaoyulingyu,彩票app jiangzhichigaoxiaojiaqiangyushijieyiliudaxuehexueshujigoudehezuo,yindaogaoxiaojiakuaipeiyangjuyouquanqiushiyedegaocengciguojihuarencai,wanshangaoxiaoduiwaikaifangpingjiazhibiao。jinyibuluoshi“fangguanfu”yaoqiu,shouyu“shuangyiliu”彩票app gaoxiaoyidingwaishishenpiquan,tansuogaoxiaoguojihuiyifenleishenpideguanlibanfa。

zhiyejiaoyulingyu,彩票app jiangzaijiejian“shuangyuanzhi”dengbanxuemoshi、yinjinguowaiyouzhizhiyejiaoyuziyuanfangmianqudezhengcetupo,guliyoutiaojiandeguoneizhiyeyuanxiaoyuqiyexieshoucanyuguojichannenghezuo。tongshi,zheshoudazao“yidaiyilu”guojijinengdasaidengpinpaisaishi,kuodaguoneiyouguanjinengsaishideguojiyingxiangli。shishizhiyeyuanxiaojiaoshijiaoxuechuangxintuanduijingwaipeixunjihua。

彩票appjichujiaoyulingyu,彩票app jiangjiaqiangzhongxiaoxueguojilijiejiaoyu,bangzhuxueshengshulirenleimingyungongtongtiyishi,peiyangdezhitimeilaoquanmianfazhanqiejuyouguojishiyedexinshidaiqingshaonian。

5.过去一个时期,彩票app 国通过中外合作办学引进了一批境外优质教育资源。与此同时,海外对中国教育资源的需求也在上升,请问《意见》在“引进来”“走出去”方面作出了哪些新的部署?

da: jinnianlai,彩票app jijiyinjinjingwaiyouzhijiaoyuziyuan,gulizhongwaijiaoyujigoukaizhanqiangqianghezuohuoqiangxianghezuo,shixianlejiaoyuziyuangongjiduoyanghua,manzulexueshengbuchuguomenxiangshougaozhiliangguojihuajiaoyudexuqiu。muqian,jingjiaoyubupizhunhebeiandegecengcizhongwaihezuobanxuejigouhexiangmujin2300ge,qizhongbenkeyishangjigouhexiangmujin1200ge。weijiakuaihekuodajiaoyuduiwaikaifang,zhuligaoxiao“shuangyiliu”彩票app ,《yijian》jiangcongsangefangmianjiadazhongwaihezuobanxuegaigelidu。yishiwanshanfalvzhidu,tuijin《zhongwaihezuobanxuetiaoli》jiqishishibanfaxiudinggongzuo,weikaifangbanxue、guifanbanxue、gaoshuipingbanxuetigongzhidubaozhang。ershichuangxingongzuojizhi,tongguo“xiangmubeianzhi”“bushenglianheshenpi”denggaijinshenpifangshi,wanshanpingguhetuichujizhi。sanshigulixianxingxianshi,peiheguojiaxinyilungaigekaifang,tansuoshidangfangkuanhezuobanxuezhutihebanxuemoshidexianzhi,jiyuxiangyingdeguliyindaozhengcehuoshixingzhunrutebieguanlicuoshi。

suizhezhongguoyushijiedelianxiriyijinmihegongjian“yidaiyilu”chixushenrutuijin,“zouchuqu”banxueriyichengwei彩票app guojiaoyuduiwaikaifangdezhongyaoneirong。muqian,彩票app guogaoxiaozaijin50geguojiajubanle100duogebutongleixinghecengcidejingwaibanxuejigouhexiangmu。weiyindaoxuexiaozizhu、gaoxiao、youxufujingwaibanxue,《yijian》mingquelelianglierxing、yifabanxue、zhiliangyouxian、wenbufazhandejibensilu。2019nian9yue,zhongguogaodengjiaoyuxuehuifabule《gaodengxuexiaojingwaibanxuezhinan》。xiayibu,jiaoyubujiangjiadatongchoulidu,wanshanzhichizhengce。tongshi,彩票app jiangjijituidongyingyongxingbenke、zhiyeyuanxiaopeihe彩票app guoqiye“zouchuqu”,kaizhanxietongbanxue,shixiangongtongfazhan。彩票app haijiangkuodazaixianjiaoyuguojifusheli,zhichigejigeleixuexiaohejigoukaifajuyouzhongguoteseheguojijingzhengyoushidezhuanyekecheng、jiaoxueguanlimoshihepingjiagongju。jieli“zhongguojiaoyuyun”,jianlizhongguoteseguojikechengtuiguangpingtai。

6.新冠肺炎疫情给海外留学人员的健康和安全带来挑战。结合贯彻落实《意见》,教育部将如何克服疫情影响,做好出国留学工作?

da: xinguanfeiyanyiqingbaofayilai,jiaoyubushikeqiangua、guanxinhaiwailiuxuerenyuandejiankangheanquan,jianjueluoshidangheguojiaduihaiwailiuxuerenyuandeguanxinguanai,chixuzuohaofangyizhidao、wuzibaozhang、huanzhejiuzhi、xinlizhichi、kunnanbangfu、anquanbaohudenggongzuo,jinzuidanuliweihuguangdaliuxuerenyuandeqieshenliyihehefaquanyi。suizhebiyejilailin,jiaoyubumianxiangliuxuerenyuanjishifabuzhaopinxinxiheyouhuizhengce,caiquxianshangxianxiaxiangjiehedefangshiweiguangdaliuxuerenyuanzuzhizhaopinhuodong,dishiwujie“chunhuibei”zhongguoliuxuerenyuanchuangxinchuangyedasaiyiruqizaixianqidong。

yiqingduichuguoliuxuedeyingxiangjiangshizanshide。《yijian》zhongshenjiangjixutongguochuguoliuxuequdaopeiyang彩票app guoxiandaihua彩票app xuyaodegeleirencai。彩票app jiangjijikaituoyouzhijiaoyuziyuanhezuoqudao,tuozhanchuguoliuxuekongjian。tongshi,weihuliuxuerenyuanhefaquanyiheqieshiliyi,shizhongshidangheguojiaguanxin、guangdaliuxuerenyuanhejiazhangguanzhudewenti。彩票app jiangjianchi“yirenminweizhongxin”defazhanlinian,xiadaliqiwanshan“pinganliuxue”jizhi,jiangyingduiyiqingguochengzhongmosuochudexingzhiyouxiaodezuofajinyibuzhiduhua、changtaihua,weiguangdaxuezishixianliuxuemengbaojiahuhang。

7.《意见》提出做强“留学中国”品牌,为实现这一目标,来华留学在质量彩票app 方面将推出哪些举措?

da: zuoqiang“liuxuezhongguo”pinpai,guigendaodiyaokaotigaolaihualiuxuejiaoyudezhiliangheguanlishuiping。jinnianlai,jiaoyubuweiraotigaozhiliang、guifanguanlicaiquleyixiliejucuo,jiexialai,彩票app jianganzhao《yijian》debushuheyaoqiu,dazaolaihualiuxuezhongdianxiangmuhejingpingongcheng,duocuobingjutuidonglaihualiuxueshixianneihanshifazhan,zuoqiang“liuxuezhongguo”pinpai。

yishishishizhiliangguifan。《yijian》zhongshenyaoshishihao《laihualiuxueshenggaodengjiaoyuzhiliangguifan(shixing)》,zheishizhidaogaoxiaokaizhanlaihualiuxuejiaoyudejibenguifan。jiaoyubujiangjixuhenzhuazerenluoshi,zhidaogedigexiaoluoshiluoxi《guifan》gexiangyaoqiu,zuzhizhuanjiakaizhandudaodiaoyan,jishifaxianbingchuliwenti。

彩票appershiwanshanzhiliangbiaozhun。jinnian3yue,jiaoyubuchutaile《zhongguozhengfujiangxuejingongzuoguanlibanfa》,mingquelejiangxuejinshenqingrendezigetiaojian。5yue,jiaoyubuweituoxiangguanzhuanyexiehuijiulaihualiuxueshengyingwenshoukelinchuangyixuebenkejiaoyufabulezhiliangbiaozhun。xiayibu,jiaoyubujiangtuidongchutailaihualiuxuezhiliangrenzhengdebiaozhun、yukejiaoyubiaozhunyijigeleizhuanyejiaoyubiaozhun,tongguowanshanzhiliangbiaozhuntixi,baozhengguojixueshengpeiyangzhiliang。

sanshiqianghuazhiliangbaozhang。jiaoyubujiangzaigulidisanfangxingyezuzhiduilaihualiuxuekaizhanzhiliangrenzhengdejichushang,jianlijianquanzhiliangbaozhangjizhi,jiaqiangjiandu,yangewenze,qieshibaozhanglaihualiuxuejiaoyujiankangyouxufazhan。

sishi彩票app zhuanyeduiwu。zi2010nianqi,jiaoyubuyilianxujubanle30qiyingyushoukeshizipeixunbanhe22qiquanguolaihualiuxueguanliganbupeixunban,bingzaiquanguo彩票app le52gelaihualiuxueshifanjidi,pingxuanle300menyingyushoukepinpaikecheng。anzhao《yijian》yaoqiu,jiaoyubujiangjixujiadashiziheguanliganbupeixunlidu,jijifahuishifanjidihepinpaikechengdeyinlingzuoyong,daidonglaihualiuxuezhiliangshuipingdezhengtitisheng。

8.《意见》提出积极向国际社会贡献教育治理中国方案。请问中国将如何积极参与全球教育治理?

彩票appda: zhongguojiandingzhichiduobianjiaoyuhezuo,shiquanqiujiaoyuzhilidezhongyaocanyuzhehetuidongzhe。jinnianlai,zhongguozailianheguo、ershiguojituan、yataijinghezuzhi、shanghaihezuozuzhi、jinzhuanguojiadengduobianjizhixiadejiaoyuhezuozhongfahuilejijide彩票app xingzuoyong。zhongguohaifahuizhuchangyoushi,zaihuachenggongjubanleguojizhiyejishujiaoyuyupeixundahui、guojijiaoyuxinxihuadahui、guojirengongzhinengyujiaoyudahui、yazhouwenmingduihua——weihuyazhouwenmingduoyangxingluntan、“yidaiyilu”qingnianchuangyiyuyichanluntandenggaoguigeguojihuiyi。

xinguanfeiyanyiqingjigeguojiaoyuzaochengbutongchengdudechongji,shixianlianheguo《2030niankechixufazhanyicheng》jiaoyumubiaomianlingengdatiaozhan。xinxingshixia,zhongguojiangdazao“yidaiyilu”jiaoyuxingdongshengjiban,kuodajiaoyuguojigonggongchanpingongji,jijifenxiangzai“tingkebutingxue”、youxufuxuefukedengfangmiandejingyanzuofa,xiangguojishehuitebieshiguangdafazhanzhongguojiatigonglisuonengjidebangzhu。zhongguohaijiangshenhuayulianheguojiaokewenzuzhidengduobianjigoudehezuo,weiquanqiujiaoyufazhangongxianzhongguoliliang,weiquanqiujiaoyuzhiligongxianzhongguofangan。

9.最后,请谈谈如何确保《意见》贯彻落实和落地见效?

彩票appda: 《yijian》mingquelegejidangwei、zhengfudezhize,qiangdiaozaidangweitongyilingdaoxia,tuidongzhengfuchongfenfahuitongchouxiediaozuoyong,bajiaoyuduiwaikaifangnaruzhongyaoyishiricheng。tongshi,《yijian》mingquelejianlijianquanduobumenxiediaoliandongjizhideyaoqiu,cicibabumenlianheyinfawenjian,weibumenfengongxiezuodiandinglejichu。ciwai,《yijian》haiduirencai、jingfeidengfangmiandebaozhangzuochulebushu。

jiaoyubujiangjinyibutigaozhengzhizhanwei、qianghuazhuzeyishi,bazhashituijin《yijian》deguancheluoshigongzuozuoweiyixiangzhongyaorenwu。彩票app jiangchixukaizhandui《yijian》dexuanchuanjiedu,jinyibutongyisixiang、ningjugongshi;彩票app jiangmianxiangjiaoyuxitongwaishiganbukaizhanzhuantipeixun,gongtongtigaozhengceshuipingheyewunengli;彩票app jiangjianxing“yixianguize”,jianchifenqufenpiantuijin,yuyouguandifang、gaoxiaohezhuwaishilingguanyidaoxihualuoshijucuo;彩票app jiangshenruxuexiguanchedangdeshijiujiesizhongquanhuijingshen,laolaoniuzhuzhidu彩票app zheigeguanjian,zaiqianqigongzuojichushang,jixushishijiaoyuduiwaikaifangzhidu彩票app sannianxingdong(2019—2021nian),chixutuijinpeitaowenjianyanzhigongzuo,weixinshidaijiaoyuduiwaikaifangtigongjianqiangzhidubaozhang。

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